Research Areas

Education and learning

Since 1987, GRADE researchers have carried out a broad variety of studies into education. The first studies focused on sector assessments and evaluations.. Among the topics covered are the state of higher, university and technical education, policies aimed at evaluating and promoting improved quality in education, education financing, the institutions and policies related to Master’s studies, social and private benefits of education, internal efficiency of higher education systems, labor markets for technicians and professionals, and the impact of the structural adjustments of the early 90’s on the relationship between education and income.

In more recent years, GRADE researchers have also developed an interest in socialization in school and the formation of democratic values, educational opportunities for different population groups (the indigenous population for example), social mobility and discrimination associated with education, the labor market for teachers, methodologies to evaluate school performance and factors associated with this, and the impact of different sectorial and cross-sectorial policies on education system results. Likewise, they have conducted research into the capabilities of the adult population, public teaching careers, and incentives for professional performance of teachers and higher education.

Research design and methods have also varied. Initially, GRADE researchers relied heavily on macro and micro analyses based on survey data and a range of statistical methodologies. Recently, other methodologies have been used such as long-term studies, quasi-experimental data and case studies, as well as data gathering and analysis methodologies that combine qualitative with quantitative data. Researchers in the field have also worked on the design and evaluation of new educational initiatives.

Researchers have frequently collaborated with different branches of the Ministry of Education on the development of studies and institutional capacity building, as well as on the formulation of public policy. GRADE has also maintained working relations with other public institutions such as the Republican Congress, the Peruvian Institute for Evaluation, Accreditation and Certification of the Quality of Basic Education (Instituto Peruano de Evaluación, Acreditación y Certificación de la Calidad de la Educación Básica (IPEBA)) and the National Education Council, as well as private entities such as Foro Educativo. GRADE researchers have participated in various networks and national studies, such as the Peruvian Educational Research Society, as well as international studies, including coordinating the Working Group for Standards and Evaluation, the Education Research Fund of PREAL and the Young Lives/Niños del Milenio project which has a strong educational component. They have also collaborated with researchers and initiatives led by international institutions, such as the Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank, the UK Department For International Development, UNICEF, UNESCO and USAID, and have participatedg on editorial boards at different institutions and academic journals.

The researchers from the Education Area come from different fields of expertise, including economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and of course, education. Over coming years the researchers at GRADE have proposed a diverse research agenda that includes studies of individual programs, institutions and contextual assessments aimed at supporting improvements in education, such as public policy, which is one of the pillars of Peruvian development