Forest governance and sustainability in the Amazon: progress and policy challenges in Peru

Areas : Natural resources, extractive industries and social conflict
Researcher/s in charge : Manuel Glave, Elena Borasino
Execution time:October 2017


The purpose of this study is to systematize the existing evidence on the progress and challenges in forest governance within the framework of the institutional reform of the forestry sector in Peru.

Two decades after the liberalization of factor markets, there are still many gaps in information about whether or not the new property rights regime has promoted greater sustainability, especially with respect to forest resources.

Several studies show that despite the change in the legal forest regime in 2001, unsustainable management of forests has persisted. In 2011, a new Forestry Law (Nº 29763) was approved, whose regulations were approved in 2015 after going through prior consultation, generating again new changes in the sector. Currently, the debate extends to the concept of forest governance.

In this context, the main contribution of this study is to provide a clear typology of the aspects that integrate forest governance, such as participation, transparency, coordination, accountability, institutional capacity of the sector, and the role of gender. Thus, it seeks to systematize which have improved and which remain affecting the sustainable development of the sector.